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BASIC CAMERA SHOTS
Shot Size & Type
Shot size is one of the basics of filmmaking. It means how big things are in the picture. An extreme long shot just shows the setting; long shots and mid shots show people in the setting, and close-ups show details of faces and objects.
EWS - Extreme Wide Shot - A shot taken from a sufficient distance to show a landscape, a building, or a large crowd. this shot shows the setting.
WS - Wide Shot - Shows 1 or 2 people in full figure or several people from the waist up.
MS - Medium Shot - Shows head to waist.
MCU - Medium Close-Up chest and head.
CU - Close-up - A shot of one face or object that fills the screen completely.
ECU - Extreme close-up - A shot of a small object or part of a face that fills the screen.
Cutaway - a shot of something related to but outside the main action of a scene. It's a shot that cuts away from the main action to a separate or secondary action – hence its name, cutaway.
Dutch Angle - also known as Dutch tilt, canted angle, or oblique angle, is a type of camera shot where the camera is set at an angle.
OTS - over the shoulder - is a shot of someone or something taken over the shoulder of another person, usually including a portion of the head or shoulder of that person on the edge of frame.
High Angle - The camera looks down at what is being photographed.
Eye Level - A shot that approximates human vision; a camera presents an object so that the line between camera and object is parallel to the ground.
Low Angle - The camera looks up at what is being photographed.
Most shots need some kind of movement to give them life. Keep the camera still to show subtle movements; move the camera – pan, track or tilt – to follow the action or move through space.
Tilting - The camera is fixed and moves up or down, vertically. Tilting Camera Move Video
Never say pan up or down - pan means panorama.
Tracking - The camera moves on a wheeled truck (or dolly), or is handheld, but stays on the same plane or angle. Check out the video tracking shots 1.34mins
- Not a camera movement but a shift in the focal length of the camera lens to give the impression that the camera is getting closer to or farther from an object. There is a great Zoom effect in the iPad Air Ad
Arc Shot - a shot where the camera circles its subject.
CAMERA ANGLES WITH ZACH KING
Great little video
covering a range of different shots, camera angles. Angles and shot types are explained from beginning to 2.28m Then some movie samples including Matrix Gun Shot scene. At 3.40minutes in there is a short film with various angles and shot types explained.
NOW SEE IF YOU CAN IDENTIFY THE SHOTS
CHALLENGE Select your favourite movie scene, 30secs - 1 min. List the shots and create a storyboard.
NOW CHECK OUT MORE FILM LANGUAGE